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Dissertation zugänglich unter
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:385-9178
URL: http://ubt.opus.hbz-nrw.de/volltexte/2015/917/


Unity in Diversity? The Spatial Distribution and Integration of Immigrants in West Germany

Einheit in Vielfalt? Die räumliche Verteilung und Integration von Immigranten in Westdeutschland

Dill, Verena

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SWD-Schlagwörter: Segregation , Integration , Sozialkapital , Rechtsradikalismus
Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): Segregation , Integration , Social Capital , Right-Wing Extremism,
Institut: Wirtschaftswissenschaften
Fakultät: Fachbereich 4
DDC-Sachgruppe: Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie
Dokumentart: Dissertation
Hauptberichter: Jirjahn, Uwe (Prof. Dr.)
Sprache: Englisch
Tag der mündlichen Prüfung: 03.12.2014
Erstellungsjahr: 2014
Publikationsdatum: 02.04.2015
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: Chapter 2: Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, this study examines the relation-ship between immigrant residential segregation and immigrants’ satisfaction with the neighbor-hood. The estimates show that immigrants living in segregated areas are less satisfied with the neighborhood. This is consistent with the hypothesis that housing discrimination rather than self-selection plays an important role in immigrant residential segregation. Our result holds true even when controlling for other influences such as household income and quality of the dwelling. It also holds true in fixed effects estimates that account for unobserved time-invariant influences.
Chapter 3: Using survey data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, this study shows that immigrants living in segregated residential areas are more likely to report discrimination because of their ethnic background. This applies to both segregated areas where most neighbors are immigrants from the same country of origin as the surveyed person and segregated areas where most neighbors are immigrants from other countries of origin. The results suggest that housing discrimination rather than self-selection plays an important role in immigrant residential segregation.
Chapter 4: Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) and administrative data from 1996 to 2009, I investigate the question whether or not right-wing extremism of German residents is affected by the ethnic concentration of foreigners living in the same residential area. My results show a positive but insignificant relationship between ethnic concentration at the county level and the probability of extreme right-wing voting behavior for West Germany. However, due to potential endogeneity issues, I additionally instrument the share of foreigners in a county with the share of foreigners in each federal state (following an approach of Dustmann/Preston 2001). I find evidence for the interethnic contact theory, predicting a negative relationship between foreign-ers’ share and right-wing voting. Moreover, I analyze the moderating role of education and the influence of cultural traits on this relationship.
Chapter 5: Using data from the Socio-Economic Panel from 1998 to 2009 and administrative data on regional ethnic diversity, I show that ethnic diversity inhibits significantly people’s political interest and participation in political organizations in West Germany. People seem to isolate themselves from political participation if exposed to more ethnic diversity which is particularly relevant with respect to the ongoing integration process of the European Union and the increasing transfer of legislative power from the national to European level. The results are robust if an instrumental variable strategy suggested by Dustmann and Preston (2001) is used to take into account that ethnic diversity measured on a local spatial level could be endogenous due to residential sorting. Interestingly, participation in non-political organizations is positively affected by ethnic diversity if selection bias is corrected for.
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: Trotz mehrerer großer, wenngleich auch teils ungesteuerter Zuwanderungswellen seit den 1950er Jahren fehlte es in Deutschland lange an substanziellen Programmen zur Integration von Zuwanderern (Beauftragte der Bundesregierung für Migration, Flüchtlinge und Integration 2012). Obwohl das daraus und durch andere Faktoren bedingte Defizit der Integration und Assimilation von Migranten in Deutschland, aber auch (Alltags-)Diskriminierung seitens der deutschen Bevölkerung öffentlich seit vielen Jahren diskutiert werden, ist die wissenschaftliche Forschung zu diesen gesellschaftlichen Prozessen noch unvollständig. Die vorliegende Arbeit trägt dazu bei diese Forschungslücken zu schließen, indem sie die Effekte der Immigration nach Deutschland aus zwei unterschiedlichen Blickwinkeln untersucht: Einerseits aus der Perspektive von Migranten, die aktiv nach Deutschland eingewandert sind und hier leben (Kapitel 2 und 3) und andererseits aus der Perspektive von Deutschen, die in den letzten Jahrzehnten passiv die verschiedenen Einwanderungswellen miterlebt haben (Kapitel 4 und 5).

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