Assessment of regional climate model simulations of the katabatic boundary layer structure over Greenland

  • The parameterization of the boundary layer is a challenge for regional climate models of the Arctic. In particular, the stable boundary layer (SBL) over Greenland, being the main driver for substantial katabatic winds over the slopes, is simulated differently by different regional climate models or using different parameterizations of the same model. However, verification data sets with high-resolution profiles of the katabatic wind are rare. In the present paper, detailed aircraft measurements of profiles in the katabatic wind and automatic weather station data during the experiment KABEG (Katabatic wind and boundary-layer front experiment around Greenland) in April and May 1997 are used for the verification of the regional climate model COSMO-CLM (CCLM) nested in ERA-Interim reanalyses. CCLM is used in a forecast mode for the whole Arctic with 15 km resolution and is run in the standard configuration of SBL parameterization and with modified SBL parameterization. In the modified version, turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) production and the transfer coefficients for turbulent fluxes in the SBL are reduced, leading to higher stability of the SBL. This leads to a more realistic representation of the daily temperature cycle and of the SBL structure in terms of temperature and wind profiles for the lowest 200 m.

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Metadaten
Author:Günther HeinemannORCiD
URN:urn:nbn:de:hbz:385-1-16541
DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11060571
Parent Title (English):Atmosphere
Publisher:MDPI
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Date of completion:2020/06/01
Date of publication:2020/06/01
Publishing institution:Universität Trier
Contributing corporation:The publication was funded by the Open Access Fund of Universität Trier and the German Research Foundation (DFG)
Release Date:2021/09/03
Tag:Greenland; katabatic wind; stable boundary layer; turbulence parameterization
GND Keyword:Atmosphärische Grenzschicht; Atmosphärische Turbulenz; Grönland; Katabatischer Wind; Klima; Mathematisches Modell
Issue / no.:11/6
Number of pages:18
First page:1
Last page:18
Institutes:Fachbereich 6 / Geographie und Geowissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification:9 Geschichte und Geografie / 91 Geografie, Reisen / 910 Geografie, Reisen
Licence (German):License LogoCC BY: Creative-Commons-Lizenz 4.0 International

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