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Somatic experiencing – effectiveness andkey factors of a body-oriented trauma therapy: a scoping literature review

  • Background: The body-oriented therapeutic approach Somatic Experiencing® (SE) treats posttraumatic symptoms by changing the interoceptive and proprioceptive sensations associated with the traumatic experience. Filling a gap in the landscape of trauma treatments, SE has attracted growing interest in research and therapeutic practice, recently. Objective: To date, there is no literature review of the effectiveness and key factors of SE. This review aims to summarize initial findings on the effectiveness of SE and to outline methodspecific key factors of SE. Method: To gain a first overview of the literature, we conducted a scoping review including studies until 13 August 2020. We identified 83 articles of which 16 fit inclusion criteria and were systematically analysed. Results: Findings provide preliminary evidence for positive effects of SE on PTSD-related symptoms. Moreover, initial evidence suggests that SE has a positive impact on affective and somatic symptoms and measures of well-being in both traumatized and non-traumatized samples. Practitioners and clients identified resource-orientation and use of touch as methodspecific key factors of SE. Yet, an overall studies quality assessment as well as a Cochrane analysis of risk of bias indicate that the overall study quality is mixed. Conclusions: The results concerning effectiveness and method-specific key factors of SE are promising; yet, require more support from unbiased RCT-research. Future research should focus on filling this gap.
Author:Nicola BaumannORCiD, Marie Kuhfuß, Tobias MaldeiORCiD, Andreas HetmanekORCiD
Parent Title (English):European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
Place of publication:London
Document Type:Article
Date of completion:2021/07/12
Date of publication:2021/07/12
Publishing institution:Universität Trier
Contributing corporation:The publication was funded by the Open Access Fund of Universität Trier and the German Research Foundation (DFG)
Release Date:2022/03/15
Tag:PTSD; Somatic experiencing; bottom-up-therapy; posttraumatic stress disorder; trauma therapy
GND Keyword:Körpertherapie; Literatur; Posttraumatisches Stresssyndrom; Psychisches Trauma
Volume (for the year ...):2021
Issue / no.:Band 12, Heft 1
Number of pages:18
Institutes:Fachbereich 1 / Psychologie
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Licence (German):License LogoCC BY: Creative-Commons-Lizenz 4.0 International

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