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License to Kill? - Disease Eradication Programs May Not be in Line with the Convention on Biological Diversity

  • Global human population growth is associated with many problems, such asrnfood and water provision, political conflicts, spread of diseases, and environmental destruction. The mitigation of these problems is mirrored in several global conventions and programs, some of which, however, are conflicting. Here, we discuss the conflicts between biodiversity conservation and disease eradication. Numerous health programs aim at eradicating pathogens, and many focus on the eradication of vectors, such as mosquitos or other parasites. As a case study, we focus on the "Pan African Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Eradication Campaign," which aims at eradicating a pathogen (Trypanosoma) as well as its vector, the entire group of tsetse flies (Glossinidae). As the distribution of tsetse flies largely overlaps with the African hotspots of freshwater biodiversity, we argue for a strong consideration of environmental issues when applying vector control measures, especially the aerial applications of insecticides.rnFurthermore, we want to stimulate discussions on the value of speciesrnand whether full eradication of a pathogen or vector is justified at all. Finally, we call for a stronger harmonization of international conventions. Proper environmental impact assessments need to be conducted before control or eradication programs are carried out to minimize negative effects on biodiversity.

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Author:Axel Hochkirch
Document Type:Article
Date of completion:2017/08/01
Publishing institution:Universität Trier
Contributing corporation:The publication was funded by the Open Access Fund of Universität Trier and the German Research Foundation (DFG)
Release Date:2017/08/01
Tag:Eradication; biodiversity hotspots; conservation value; insect conservation; wetland conservation
GND Keyword:Ausrottung; Biodiversität; Pathogener Mikroorganismus
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/conl.12370
Source:Conservation Letters
Contributor:Josha Beninde, Marietta Fischer, André Krahner, Cosima Lindemann, Daniela Matenaar, u.a.
Institutes:Fachbereich 6 / Geographie und Geowissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie

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