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A near-natural experiment on factors influencing larval drift in Salamandra salamandra

  • The larval stage of the European fire salamander (Salamandra salamandra) inhabits both lentic and lotic habitats. In the latter, they are constantly exposed to unidirectional water flow, which has been shown to cause downstream drift in a variety of taxa. In this study, a closed artificial creek, which allowed us to keep the water flow constant over time and, at the same time, to simulates with predefined water quantities and durations, was used to examine the individual movement patterns of marked larval fire salamanders exposed to unidirectional flow. Movements were tracked by marking the larvae with VIAlpha tags individually and by using downstream and upstream traps. Most individuals showed stationarity, while downstream drift dominated the overall movement pattern. Upstream movements were rare and occurred only on small distances of about 30 cm; downstream drift distances exceeded 10 m (until next downstream trap). The simulated flood events increased drift rates significantly, even several days after the flood simulation experiments. Drift probability increased with decreasing body size and decreasing nutritional status. Our results support the production hypothesis as an explanation for the movements of European fire salamander larvae within creeks.

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Author:Malwina Schafft, Norman Wagner, Tobias Schütz, Michael Veith
Parent Title (English):Scientific Reports
Publisher:Springer Nature
Place of publication:London
Document Type:Article
Date of completion:2022/02/28
Date of publication:2022/02/28
Publishing institution:Universität Trier
Contributing corporation:The publication was funded by the Open Access Fund of Universität Trier and the German Research Foundation (DFG)
Release Date:2022/05/04
Tag:Animal behaviour; Ecology; Herpetology; Hydrology; Limnology
GND Keyword:Drift; Feuersalamander; Künstliches Fließgewässer; Larve
Volume (for the year ...):2022
Issue / no.:Band 12 (2022)
Number of pages:10
Institutes:Fachbereich 6 / Raum- und Umweltwissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification:9 Geschichte und Geografie / 90 Geschichte / 900 Geschichte und Geografie
Licence (German):License LogoCC BY: Creative-Commons-Lizenz 4.0 International

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