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The Impact of the “Belt and Road Initiative” on International Scholarship Students

  • The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has had a significant impact on China in political, economic, and cultural terms. This study focuses on the cultural domain, especially on scholarship students from the countries that signed bilateral cooperation agreements with China under the BRI. Using an integrated approach combining the difference-in-differences method and the gravity model, we explore the correlation between the BRI and the increasing number of international scholarship students funded by the Chinese government, as well as the determinants of students' decision to study in China. The panel data from 2010 to 2018 show that the launch of BRI has had a positive impact on the number of scholarship students from BRI countries. The number of scholarship recipients from non-BRI countries also increased, but at a much slower rate than those from BRI countries. The sole exception is the United States, which has trended downward for both state-funded and self-funded students.

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Author:Lea Shih, Wei Cao
Parent Title (English):Frontiers in Sociology
Publisher:Frontiers Media
Place of publication:Lausanne
Document Type:Article
Date of completion:2022/04/27
Date of publication:2022/04/27
Publishing institution:Universität Trier
Contributing corporation:The publication was funded by the Open Access Fund of Universität Trier and the German Research Foundation (DFG)
Release Date:2022/05/09
Tag:Belt and Road Initiative (BRI); China; difference-in-differences; education aid; scholarship students
GND Keyword:China; One-Belt-One-Road-Initiative; Stipendiat; Student
Volume (for the year ...):2022
Issue / no.:Band 7 (2022)
Number of pages:9
Institutes:Fachbereich 4 / Wirtschaftswissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 33 Wirtschaft / 330 Wirtschaft
Licence (German):License LogoCC BY: Creative-Commons-Lizenz 4.0 International

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