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In this thesis, we investigate the quantization problem of Gaussian measures on Banach spaces by means of constructive methods. That is, for a random variable X and a natural number N, we are searching for those N elements in the underlying Banach space which give the best approximation to X in the average sense. We particularly focus on centered Gaussians on the space of continuous functions on [0,1] equipped with the supremum-norm, since in that case all known methods failed to achieve the optimal quantization rate for important Gauss-processes. In fact, by means of Spline-approximations and a scheme based on the Best-Approximations in the sense of the Kolmogorov n-width we were able to attain the optimal rate of convergence to zero for these quantization problems. Moreover, we established a new upper bound for the quantization error, which is based on a very simple criterion, the modulus of smoothness of the covariance function. Finally, we explicitly constructed those quantizers numerically.

Considering the numerical simulation of mathematical models it is necessary to have efficient methods for computing special functions. We will focus our considerations in particular on the classes of Mittag-Leffler and confluent hypergeometric functions. The PhD Thesis can be structured in three parts. In the first part, entire functions are considered. If we look at the partial sums of the Taylor series with respect to the origin we find that they typically only provide a reasonable approximation of the function in a small neighborhood of the origin. The main disadvantages of these partial sums are the cancellation errors which occur when computing in fixed precision arithmetic outside this neighborhood. Therefore, our aim is to quantify and then to reduce this cancellation effect. In the next part we consider the Mittag-Leffler and the confluent hypergeometric functions in detail. Using the method we developed in the first part, we can reduce the cancellation problems by "modifying" the functions for several parts of the complex plane. Finally, in in the last part two other approaches to compute Mittag-Leffler type and confluent hypergeometric functions are discussed. If we want to evaluate such functions on unbounded intervals or sectors in the complex plane, we have to consider methods like asymptotic expansions or continued fractions for large arguments z in modulus.